Ostrander and Scioto Township History

 
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HUSBAND

William B Cratty (1)
Parents William Cratty, Sarah Dodds
Born June 28, 1805, Butler Co., PA (39)
Died  
Buried  
WIFE Candace Bennett
Parents  
Born Dec 25 1805, Rhode Island
Died Jan 27, 1875 (38)
Buried  
Married 1826, Champaign Co., OH (39)
CHILDREN Elizabeth Cratty
Thomas Cratty (39)
  Josiah Cratty (39)

 

PHOTO ALBUM
CrattyWilliamBorn1805.jpeg (59556 bytes)   Anti Slavery Historical Placque    
William B. Cratty
Ohio Historical Society
Wilbur H. Siebert
Collection
Historical Marker located at William St and US-23 in Delaware, Ohio    
Cratty Chicago Evening Post Pg 1 Cratty Chicago Evening Post Pg 2 Cratty Chicago Evening Post Pg 3  
Chicago Evening Post
Sat., July 18, 1893
William Cratty Talks of Underground Railroad Days
PAGE 1
Chicago Evening Post
Sat., July 18, 1893
William Cratty Talks of Underground Railroad Days
PAGE 2
Chicago Evening Post
Sat., July 18, 1893
William Cratty Talks of Underground Railroad Days
PAGE 3
 
RECORDS
1820C Scioto Twp., Delaware Co., OH  (28)
1 M under 10; 1 M 10-16; 1 M 16-18; 2 M 16-26; 1 M 45 and up; 1 F 10-16; 2 F 16-26; 1 F 45 and up; and 2 persons engaged in agriculture
OCCUPATION
Farmer
Conductor on the Underground Railroad (38)
MILITARY
None found.
KNOWN RESIDENCES
1805; born in Butler Co., PA (38)
Fall of 1814; moved to Delaware Co., OH (38)
1849; to California during Gold Rush
1853; moved to Knox Co., IL (38)
March 1865; moved to Elmwood, Peoria Co., IL (38)
IN THE NEWS
AUG 30, 1897, THE DAILY HERALD, DELPHOS, OH  A PRICE ON HIS HEAD
Chicago, Aug. 30. - William Cratty, who before the civil war was one of the most notable conductors of the "underground railroad" for the assistance of runaway slaves, died near Marysville, O., of old age.  Mr. Cratty, it is said, helped over 3,000 slaves to escape to Canada, and at one time a reward of $3,000 was offered to any person who would deliver him dead or alive south of the Mason and Dixon line.  He was 92 years old.
BIOGRAPHY

CRATTY WILLIAM, P. O. Elmwood. Among the many people who came from Ohio and settled in the fascinating Prairie State were the Cratty family, from that State, in the year 1853, from Delaware county, and settled in Knox county, Ill.; from thence moving to Elmwood, Peoria county, in March, 1865. William Cratty, the father of the family, was born in Butler county, Pa., June 28. 1805, and came with his father to Delaware county, Ohio, in the Fall of 1814, it being the extreme Western State at that time. When the slavery question came to be agitated, and the antislavery party became recognized among the political parties of the country, the subject of this sketch took a decided stand in favor of human rights, and voted for James G. Birney as the first candidate for the Presidency, brought forward by the Anti-Slavery party, and ever after voted the antislavery or abolition ticket at State and National elections. For twelve or fifteen years he lived about half way from Cincinnati to Cleveland, on the main traveled road between the two places, and being well known as an abolitionist, his house was made the headquarters for escaping fugitives endeavoring to get across the lake to Canada, and he was considered and dubbed as conductor on the underground railroad, and often heard violent threats made against him by slave hunters. They offered a standing reward for years to any one who would deliver Mr. Cratty to them on the south side of the Ohio river. There had a great many escaped slaves passed through his hands and under his roof. All these escaped in violation of law, and all those who assisted them, either in word or deed, were liable to prosecution in any court of the United States for the assessed value of such slave, as the property of such pretended owner, without any regard to the conscience of the individual or the humanity of his nature.
The subject of this sketch was married in 1826, in Champaign county, Ohio, to Candice Bennett, a native of Rhode Island, and raised a large family of children, seven of whom are living two sons and five daughters. The sons are known as the law firm of Cratty Brothers, in Peoria, and their ability and success are widely known. Having been brought up in the Presbyterian Church, Mr. C. has always been partial to that society; has been three times elected ruling elder in that church, and holds the office at present. When the late rebellion broke out, one of the boys enlisted, and when serving his third year died in camp at Little Rock, Ark. The youngest, Josiah, enlisted, and was discharged at the close of the war, having been in service about eight months. (pages 739-740)
(39)

William Cratty, was born in Butler county, Pennsylvania, June 20, 1805, but in 1814 removed to Ohio, and in April, 1826, was united in marriage to Miss Candis Bennett, a native of Rhode Island, born December 25, 1805.  He was a man of strong anti-slavery principles and his home was supposed by the friends of slavery to be a station on the famous underground railroad.  In consequence a reward of three thousand dollars was offered for his body, dead or alive, if delivered south of the Allegheny river.  For many years he was an industrious, energetic farmer, but spent his last years in a well earned retirement from labor, his death occurring in 1897.  His wife passed away January 27, 1875.  Her noble life, kindly manner and exemplary Christian character endeared her to all who knew here, and of the Presbyterian church she was a most faithful member, as was her husband.  Their family numbered twelve children, four sons, and eight daughters. (38)

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